Kutumiza Kwaulere Pazogulitsa Zonse za BUSHNELL

Kapangidwe ndi chitukuko cha gawo la kamera

Kapangidwe ndi kakulidwe ka ma module amamera
Makamera akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pazinthu zamagetsi zosiyanasiyana, makamaka kukula mwachangu kwa mafakitale monga mafoni ndi mapiritsi, zomwe zapangitsa kuti makampani azamera azikula mwachangu. M'zaka zaposachedwa, ma module amakamera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popeza zithunzi akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamagetsi, zamagalimoto, zamankhwala, ndi zina zambiri. Mwachitsanzo, ma module amakamera akhala chimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri pazida zamagetsi monga mafoni am'manja ndi makompyuta apiritsi . Ma module amakamera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazida zamagetsi zonyamula sangotenga zithunzi zokha, komanso amathandizanso zida zamagetsi kunyamula kuzindikira makanema apa kanema ndi ntchito zina. Ndikukula kwazipangizo zamagetsi zonyentchera ndikucheperako ndipo ogwiritsa ntchito ali ndizofunikira kwambiri pakulingalira kwama module amakamera, zofunikira kwambiri zimayikidwa pakukula kwakukulu ndi kulingalira kwa ma module amamera. Mwanjira ina, chitukuko cha zida zonyamula zamagetsi chimafunikira ma module amakamera kuti apititse patsogolo ndikulimbitsa kuthekera kojambula pamalingaliro ofikira kukula.

Kuchokera pamapangidwe a kamera yam'manja, zigawo zisanu zazikuluzikulu ndi izi: chojambulira chithunzi (chimasinthira magetsi kukhala magetsi), Lens, mota coil motor, module yama camera ndi infrared fyuluta. Makina ogulitsira makamera amatha kugawidwa mu mandala, makina oyendetsa mawu, fyuluta ya infrared, sensa ya CMOS, purosesa yazithunzi ndi ma module a module. Makampaniwa ali ndi luso lokwanira kwambiri komanso kuchuluka kwa mafakitale. Gawo la kamera limaphatikizapo:
1. Bokosi loyendera madera ndi zida zamagetsi;
2. Phukusi lomwe limakulunga gawo lamagetsi, ndipo thumba limayikidwa phukusi;
3. Chip chojambulira chamagetsi cholumikizidwa ndi dera, m'mphepete mwa chip chojambula chojambula chimakulungidwa ndi phukusi, ndipo gawo lapakatikati la chip chojambulira chimayikidwa m'mimbamo;
4. Mandala olumikizidwa kumtunda kwa phukusi; ndipo
5. Fyuluta yolumikizidwa mwachindunji ndi mandala, ndipo imakonzedwa pamwambapa komanso moyang'anizana ndi chip cha photosensitive.
(I) Chithunzi chazithunzi cha CMOS: Kupanga kwa masensa azithunzi kumafuna ukadaulo wovuta komanso njira. Msikawu ukulamulidwa ndi Sony (Japan), Samsung (South Korea) ndi Howe Technology (US), wokhala ndi gawo lopitilira 60%.
(II) Magalasi am'manja: Lens ndi chinthu chopanga chomwe chimapanga zithunzi, nthawi zambiri chimakhala ndi zidutswa zingapo. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zithunzi pazosavomerezeka kapena zowonekera. Magalasi agawika magalasi amagetsi ndi utomoni wamagalasi. Poyerekeza ndi magalasi utomoni, magalasi magalasi ndi lalikulu refractive cholozera (woonda pa chimodzimodzi focal kutalika) ndi mkulu kuwala transmittance. Kuphatikiza apo, kupanga magalasi agalasi ndikovuta, mitengo yazokolola ndiyotsika, ndipo mtengo wake ndiwambiri. Chifukwa chake, magalasi amagalasi amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pazida zapamwamba kwambiri, ndipo magalasi ama resin amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pazida zotsika.
(III) Voice coil motor (VCM): VCM ndi mtundu wamagalimoto. Makamera am'manja amagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri VCM kuti akwaniritse zofuna zawo. Kudzera mu VCM, mawonekedwe a mandulo amatha kusintha mawonekedwe kuti awonetse zithunzi zomveka.
(IV) Chojambulira kamera: Ukadaulo wa CSP walowa pang'onopang'ono
Msika ukakhala ndi zofunika kwambiri pakatikati pa mafoni ocheperako, kufunikira kwa njira yolongezera ma kamera kwachulukirachulukira. Pakadali pano, njira zazikuluzikulu zopangira ma kamera zikuphatikizapo COB ndi CSP. Zogulitsa zama pixels apansi zimaphatikizidwa kwambiri mu CSP, ndipo malonda okhala ndi mapikiselo apamwamba kuposa 5M amaphatikizidwa kwambiri mu COB. Ndi kupita patsogolo kopitilira muyeso, ukadaulo wa ma CSP wokulumikiza pang'onopang'ono ukulowa mu 5M komanso pamwamba pazogulitsa zapamwamba ndipo zikuwoneka kuti zidzakhala zotsogola zamaukadaulo mtsogolo. Yoyendetsedwa ndi mafoni ndi ntchito zamagalimoto, kukula kwa msika wamagawochi kwawonjezeka pang'onopang'ono mzaka zaposachedwa.

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Nthawi yamakalata: Meyi-28-2021